By Jonathan Bean | Thursday July 27, 2017 at 1:35 PM PDT | 0 Comments
Throughout American history, government at all levels has used race to categorize, enslave, segregate, regulate human behavior, and limit immigration with “nationality” quotas that served as substitutes for race. Categorizing by race was essential to racist agendas.
In response, classical liberal civil rights activists struggled to eliminate government-mandated racial categories. They were anything but naive: racism was real, categories or no categories, but the government stamp of approval made things worse–and caused constant mischief in the ever increasing addition of group categories in the census or in immigration statutes. The only feasible solution was the most radical one: the complete elimination of government racial categories. Individuals might discriminate but would no longer have the support of the State. With time, classical liberals felt, the irrationality of racism and xenophobia would give way to better human relations.
Tags: affirmative action, Black capitalism, civil rights, classical liberty, colorblindness, Constitution, Criminal Justice, Detroit, Detroit riot (1967), Frederick Douglass, James Forten, Louis Marshall, Loving, Martin Luther King Jr., NAACP, Police, Politics, politics of crisis, Richard Nixon, riots, Rule of Law
By Jonathan Bean | Sunday July 23, 2017 at 12:53 PM PDT | 0 Comments
Fifty years ago today (July 23, 1967), the largest urban riot of the 1960s rocked Detroit for five days (July 23-28). An encounter with the police (shutting down an illegal after-hours bar), sparked looting and arson on a scale far surpassing the riots that had burned in other American cities. While such riots often started with incidents involving law enforcement, the police were ordered—again and again—to stand down and let a small minority of African Americans loot property of small business owners (both black and white).
The Detroit Riot marked a turning point in how American policymakers dealt with race. The classical liberal tradition of civil rights, with its emphasis on rule of law and equal protection (regardless of race) gave way to policies that purposely treated minorities as “protected categories” deserving of treatment not accorded other citizens.
Tags: affirmative action, American History, Black capitalism, civil rights, Constitution, Criminal Justice, Detroit, Detroit riot (1967), Martin Luther King Jr., Police, Politics, politics of crisis, Richard Nixon, riots, Rule of Law
By Jonathan Bean | Monday March 21, 2016 at 3:33 PM PDT | Comments Off on Say No to Reparations: Remembering Slavery, Forgetting the Classical-Liberal Values that Abolished It
Advocates of reparations for the descendants of African American slaves recently challenged socialist Bernie Sanders to embrace their cause, which he refused to do. A leading advocate of reparations, Atlantic contributor Ta-Nehisi Coates, criticizes Sanders for placing class-based politics before race. Lost in the unending debate over reparations is a key point: group reparations ignore the...
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Tags: American History, Christianity, civil rights, Constitution, desegegration, Frederick Douglass, Liberty, NAACP, Quakers, Racism, Reparations, segregation, Slavery, William Lloyd Garrison
By Jonathan Bean | Friday November 20, 2015 at 11:53 AM PDT | 1 Comment
Sixty years ago, Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat for a white man and was arrested for disobeying Montgomery, Alabama’s segregation ordinance. The story is well-known, even today, as we celebrate “Rosa Parks Day” (December 1). Following her arrest, African Americans organized a boycott of the city’s privately-owned bus company. Martin Luther King, Jr. became spokesman for street protests and, ever since, the civil rights movement is remembered as a militant expression of civil disobedience and “taking it to the streets.” Within a year, the city ended desegregation, but not for the reasons you might think. The real heroes behind Rosa Parks were the NAACP lawyers who battered down the walls of institutional racism with the force of the constitution, color-blind law, and capitalist forces that worked against racism—hallmarks of the classic liberal tradition of civil rights.
Tags: American History, civil rights, color-blind law, Constitution, Free Market, Jim Crow, Liberty, Martin Luther King Jr., Montgomery bus boycott, NAACP, race-neutral law, Rosa Parks, segregation, The State
By Jonathan Bean | Wednesday November 26, 2014 at 1:52 PM PDT | Comments Off on Small Business Suffers: The Riots, Past and Present
Several years ago, I wrote an article for The Independent Review on the urban riots of the 1960s (and the Rodney King riot of 1992). Watching the events unfold in Ferguson, it seems those in charge of riot control learned nothing. Once again, the victims were small business owners—many of them African Americans (as...
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Tags: American History, Civil Liberties, civil rights, Crime, Criminal Justice, Culture, Discrimination, Ferguson, History, Law, Police, Progressivism, Property Rights, Racism, riots, Urban Issues
By Jonathan Bean | Wednesday June 25, 2014 at 5:25 PM PDT | Comments Off on 50 Years of Mischief: The Triumph and Trashing of the Civil Rights Act
The Civil Rights Act was not a perfect law—no law is perfect–but it did embody two principles of the long civil rights movement: First, the individual (not the group) is the measure of justice. Secondly, nondiscrimination is mandatory for the government and worth pursuing in our private lives. If policymakers had enforced the Civil Rights Act in good faith, time might have eroded the tendency to view others as members of a group, rather than as individuals.
Tags: affirmative action, Affirmative Action, civil rights, Discrimination, Employment, History, individualism, Inequality, race, Race and Liberty in America
By Sam Staley | Monday July 8, 2013 at 11:39 AM PDT | 7 Comments
I had a glimmer of hope for the 2013 film The Lone Ranger when I read that young U.S. attorney John Reid, aka The Lone Ranger, arrives in untamed west Texas with a copy of John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government. After watching the otherwise entertaining summer action film, I left the theater wondering...
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Tags: American History, Civil Liberties, civil rights, Civil Society, Classical Liberalism, Constitution, Corruption, Crime, Criminal Justice, Economics, film, History, John Locke, Law, Liberty, lone ranger, Natural Law, personal freedom, Personal Liberty, Philosophy, Property Rights, Racism, social contract, tonto, two treatises of government
By David Beito | Tuesday August 3, 2010 at 6:53 PM PDT | 6 Comments
In my capacity as chair of the Alabama State Advisory Committee of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights I am featured today in two Fox stories (print and television). Our committee has been investigating eminent domain as a civil rights issue. The stories describe how “eminent domain through the back door” has become commonplace...
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Tags: civil rights, David Beito, eminent domain, Land use, Liberty, low-income blacks, private property, Property Rights, Rosa Parks, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Urban Issues
By Karen Kwiatkowski | Friday April 23, 2010 at 6:57 AM PDT | 1 Comment
As if to demonstrate the Bastiat thesis in American human terms is this news of a Federal Air Marshal who (allegedly) raped an escort in between looking for terrorists on domestic air flights. After he (allegedly) misrepresented his government position, wielded his government-issued handgun, and raped the working girl, he then took back the...
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Tags: civil rights, Iraq, Police State
By Jonathan Bean | Wednesday November 11, 2009 at 11:19 AM PDT | 3 Comments
In the current issue of Books & Culture, Professor Paul Harvey (not to be confused with the late radio icon) takes aim at my “imagined” (read: invented) tradition of classical liberalism on race. You can read his full review here. Harvey concedes that Race and Liberty in America rediscovers “understudied authors.” Then he quickly...
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Tags: affirmative action, American History, Books, Christianity, Civil Liberties, civil rights, Civil Society, classical liberalism, collectivism, Constitution, ethnocentrism, eugenics, Glenn Beck, Law, left-liberal, libertarian, Race and Liberty in America, Racism, statism