CA Prop 209 did not end affirmative action.
CA Prop 209 laid groundwork for ending race-based discrimination.
According to news reports, during the Obama administration, the Federal Aviation Administration diluted standards for air traffic controllers by screening out applicants competent in science and even those with experience as pilots.
Throughout American history, government at all levels has used race to categorize, enslave, segregate, regulate human behavior, and limit immigration with “nationality” quotas that served as substitutes for race. Categorizing by race was essential to racist agendas.
In response, classical liberal civil rights activists struggled to eliminate government-mandated racial categories. They were anything but naive: racism was real, categories or no categories, but the government stamp of approval made things worse–and caused constant mischief in the ever increasing addition of group categories in the census or in immigration statutes. The only feasible solution was the most radical one: the complete elimination of government racial categories. Individuals might discriminate but would no longer have the support of the State. With time, classical liberals felt, the irrationality of racism and xenophobia would give way to better human relations.
Tags: affirmative action, Black capitalism, civil rights, classical liberty, colorblindness, Constitution, Criminal Justice, Detroit, Detroit riot (1967), Frederick Douglass, James Forten, Louis Marshall, Loving, Martin Luther King Jr., NAACP, Police, Politics, politics of crisis, Richard Nixon, riots, Rule of Law
Fifty years ago today (July 23, 1967), the largest urban riot of the 1960s rocked Detroit for five days (July 23-28). An encounter with the police (shutting down an illegal after-hours bar), sparked looting and arson on a scale far surpassing the riots that had burned in other American cities. While such riots often started with incidents involving law enforcement, the police were ordered—again and again—to stand down and let a small minority of African Americans loot property of small business owners (both black and white).
The Detroit Riot marked a turning point in how American policymakers dealt with race. The classical liberal tradition of civil rights, with its emphasis on rule of law and equal protection (regardless of race) gave way to policies that purposely treated minorities as “protected categories” deserving of treatment not accorded other citizens.
Tags: affirmative action, American History, Black capitalism, civil rights, Constitution, Criminal Justice, Detroit, Detroit riot (1967), Martin Luther King Jr., Police, Politics, politics of crisis, Richard Nixon, riots, Rule of Law
The quality of economic journalism in the United States is terrible. Day after day, journalists write about the causes and consequences of economic conditions and events without understanding the underlying economics of the situation, and their articles are, as a rule, simply bunk. Here is an example. I have not examined the actual report...
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The Civil Rights Act was not a perfect law—no law is perfect–but it did embody two principles of the long civil rights movement: First, the individual (not the group) is the measure of justice. Secondly, nondiscrimination is mandatory for the government and worth pursuing in our private lives. If policymakers had enforced the Civil Rights Act in good faith, time might have eroded the tendency to view others as members of a group, rather than as individuals.
Elizabeth Warren is out selling herself and her new book, Fighting Chance, and her headline du jour is “We Are Not Resting Until at Least 50 Senators Are Women” I’m not sure why she thinks that would solve her biggest beef, which is, in her words: “Let’s just be real clear – the game...
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As pictured here, Governor Jerry Brown has signed new minimum wage legislation that ups the minimum productivity to be employed in California to $9 per hour starting next year, and $10 per hour in 2016. Supervisors will also have to increase their productivity if they want to stay employed. The San Francisco Chronicle offers...
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The United States government was founded on the principle of protecting individual rights. The Declaration of Independence says, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights...” People have rights as individuals, and do not derive their rights from...
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Tags: affirmative action, Civil Liberties, classical liberalism, Constitution, Culture, Family, Liberty, Morality, Nanny State, Personal Liberty, Philosophy, Politics, Regulation, Supreme Court, Taxation, The State, Women